Python program to find the distance between two GPS locations

GPS is a very important technology that we use in our daily life for navigation, finding distance between two places, estimating the time for journey etc. Now Internet of things is getting hotter in the market and lot of people including college students are doing POCs with ideas related to IoT. If we are developing an application that includes GPS, finding the distance between two places is a common requirement. The program given below finds the straight distance between two GPS coordinates. Here the distance is calculated by assuming earth as a circle with radius 6371 kilometers. If you want the distance in miles, use 3956 miles as the radius of earth.

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Service Nanny in AWS EMR

Service nanny is a service that runs in all the nodes of AWS EMR that controls the operation of daemons in each node.If a process gets killed because of OOM killer or overload etc, it restarts immediately and ensures that the service is alive. This service ensures that the cluster services are always alive without the problems created by unexpected exists in the services. So even if you kill a process or stop a process, it will get automatically restarted.

Recently I faced an issue with impala in AWS EMR. I was getting an error as described in this post. I was using a small  3 node EMR cluster. Instead of creating a new cluster I thought of restarting the impala daemon by specifying the additional arguments. But I was not able to perform this because the service nanny was performing the daemon start before I performing the start. So I stopped the service nanny in all the nodes and restarted impala with extra arguments and then restarted the service nanny.

We can modify service nanny control behavior by editing the config files present in /etc/service-nanny/ directory. You can see config files for each service controlled by service nanny. You can add/remove/modify the control actions  by adding/removing/modifying the config files.

Ways to find out the count of unique items in a list using python

Last day I was trying for a method to find the count of unique items in a list. I found two solutions. Thought like it is worth to share here.

Method 1:

This method works only with python versions 2.7 and above. The collections library is not available in python versions less than 2.7.

Method 2:

This is a very simple method using python dictionary. This will work in all versions of python.