Raspberry Pi 3 released.

Raspberry Pi 3 got released this week. Still remembering the moment before 3 years, my colleague introduced me about this magic device. Then I googled about this device and read the details. I am using this device from the past one year . I have usedĀ Raspberry Pi B+, Pi2 and now waiting for the delivery of Pi3 from element14. It is one of the superb devices that I have ever used. I can use my electronics knowledge and computer science knowledge using this. Now the Pi3 came with builtin wifi and bluetooth module so that it can be connected to a wifi or a bluetooth device without any external peripheral. Physical appearance is same as that of Pi2, but this version is more powerful. Now we can say Good Bye..!!! to wifi adapter modules. This will be a very big hit in the IoT market. Expecting more wonders from element14. šŸ™‚

Booting Raspberry Pi2 for the first time

Today I and my colleagues were trying to install Raspbian OS on Raspberry Pi 2 B version. The steps that we followed are explained below.
Before explaining the steps, I am listing down the hardware and softwares that we used.

  • Raspberry Pi2 B version
  • NOOBS 1.4.1 Offline and Network Installer (Release date 2015-05-11).
  • Transcent 16 GB Class 10 memory card
  • Raspberry Pi charger (We used a 5Volt 2A charger)
  • Memory Card Reader.
  • SD Formatter (https://www.sdcard.org/downloads/formatter_4/)
  • Windows Laptop
  • Monitor
  • HDMI Cable

We used the steps mentioned in the raspberry pi website for reference. There is an excellent video that explains each and every step for the setup.

pi21GB
The steps we followed are listed below.

  • Inserted the memory card into the Card reader and plugged into the windows machine.
  • Formatted the memory card using the SD Formatter with “FORMAT SIZE ADJUSTMENT” set to “ON”.
  • Copied the NOOBS offline installer zip file to the formatted memory card and extracted it.
  • Unplugged the card reader and put the memory card into the Pi2.
  • Supplied power to the Pi2 which is connected to the monitor using HDMI Cable
  • The Pi2 booted up. We have to select the OS to be installed.
  • Select one OS. Now the OS will be installed and your pi will be ready to use.

Note:
We faced an issue while performing the installation. The Pi2 was not booting up. Finally after some struggle, we figured out the issue. We used a phone instead of a memory card reader for connecting the memory card to the computer for formatting. Because of this, the Pi was not booting. We figured out this issue from the status of the ACT LED (Green LED). The green LED should blink in case of normal operation. If the green LED is not blinking, means the Pi is not reading the SD card. In our case the green LED was not blinking. So we started investigating and reviewing the steps that we followed forĀ the SD card set up and finally we found the culpritā€¦ Our Mobile Phone ļŠ. So my suggestion is to use a card reader. Never use any camera or mobile phone instead of card reader. This may unnecessarily waste your time and you will not get any clue of the error also.

Wifi Adapter Set up for Rasperry Pi

For connecting Raspberry Pi with internet, we have three options, one is through LAN cable, another is using a supported internet dongle and the other way is to using a wifi adapter. Here explaining about the steps that I did for configuring a Netgear N150 WNA1000MV2 wifi adapter with Raspberry pi. Raspberry pi supports lot of wifi adapters. The list of the hardware supported by raspberry pi is available in this url. I had one Netgear Wifi adapter (N150 WNA1000M) and it was working fine without any config changes. Because of that reason, I bought another wifi adapter with the same model number from an online shopping site. But when I unpacked it, I realized that they upgraded the product and a new version of the same product came with model number WNA1000MV2. When I connected it with the pi, it was not working. My raspberry pi OS was Raspbian.

Raspberry-Pi

Netgear1

A portion of the output of dmesg command that contains the details of the wifi adapter is shown below.


dmesg

[ 3.401856] usb 1-1.2: new high-speed USB device number 4 using dwc_otg
[ 3.523552] usb 1-1.2: New USB device found, idVendor=0846, idProduct=9043
[ 3.532493] usb 1-1.2: New USB device strings: Mfr=1, Product=2, SerialNumber=3
[ 3.541771] usb 1-1.2: Product: WNA1000Mv2
[ 3.547744] usb 1-1.2: Manufacturer: Realtek
[ 3.553858] usb 1-1.2: SerialNumber: 00e04c000001

To make this working, we have to do some modifications.
Add the following contents to the /etc/rc.local file

modprobe 8192cu
echo "0846 9043" > /sys/bus/usb/drivers/rtl8192cu/new_id
ifdown wlan0
ifup wlan0

Then add the following contents to /etc/modprobe.d/netgear_n150.conf file

install 8192cu /sbin/modprobe --ignore-install 8192cu; echo "0846 9043" > /sys/bus/usb/drivers/rtl8192cu/new_id

This worked perfectly for me. Hope this will help..!!!

Python program to find the distance between two GPS locations

GPS is a very important technology that we use in our daily life for navigation, finding distance between two places, estimating the time for journey etc. Now Internet of things is getting hotter in the market and lot of people including college students are doing POCs with ideas related to IoT. If we are developing an application that includes GPS, finding the distance between two places is a common requirement. The program given below finds the straight distance between two GPS coordinates. Here the distance is calculated by assuming earth as a circle with radiusĀ 6371 kilometers. If you want the distance in miles, useĀ 3956 miles as the radius of earth.

A Small experiment using GPS module

Full form of GPS is global positioning system. GPS is one of the very superb inventions that help us very much. GPS finds the position by making satellites as reference. It is accurate upto some meters. Now a days almost everyone in the world are using gps for navigation. Here I am sharing my experience with a gps module. GPS modules are available in electronic shops. The picture of a gps module is shown below.

gps1The gps unit that I bought is having an RS232 as well as a TTL interface. We can connect this device to a computer, raspberry pi or any micro-controller very easily. I connected and did the experiments using this device on raspberry pi, laptop and micro-controller. Here I am explaining a sample python program that will find the coordinates using this gps module. I used a python library called pynmeaĀ for reading and parsing the data returned by the gps module.

First power up the gps module. This depends on the type of gps module that you are using. The module I used supports 12V and 5V input voltage. Then connect the gps module to your computer using the RS232. If your laptop or PC is not having the RS232 port, don’t worry, you can use an RS232 to USB converter cable. Check the serial port in which this device is connected (This can be found from the device manager). Before we start writing the program, ensure that the pynmea library is installed in your computer.

First we will check whether the device is working properly. So we will write a small python program to read the data from the serial port.

__author__ = 'Amal G Jose'

import serial
ser = serial.Serial()
ser.baudrate = 9600
ser.port = 'COM5'
ser.open()
while True:
    print ser.readline()

In my case the device was connected to COM5 port. Change the port accordingly and execute this program. If you are getting values in the console, then you are good to go.

Then execute the following program to parse the data and find the coordinates.

Some keys do not produce the correct characters in Raspberry Pi

I have a raspberry pi B+ with raspbian OS installed. In this set up, most of the keys were not producing the proper characters. Among the characters, ‘|’ was the character that I missed a lot, because I was not able to do any grep in the linux command line. I tried re-configuring the keyboard, but that didn’t helped me. Then I found the solution.

I changed the keyboard layout to US.

The command for doing the same is given below.

setxkbmap -layout us

If the above solution is not working, you can manually edit the following file and change the keyboard layout. Change the layout to US (use small letter).

/etc/default/keyboard