The following sample program explains you on how to read a csv file and convert it into json data. Two programs are explained in this blog post. The first program expects the column names in the csv file and second program does not need column names in the file.

The first program expects the headers in the first line of the csv. In case of missing headers, we have to pass it explicitly in the program.

import pandas as pd
# This program assumes the csv file has a header.
# In case of missing header in the csv file, we have to pass it explicitly to the program
csv_file = pd.DataFrame(pd.read_csv("data.csv", sep = ",", header = 0, index_col = False))
csv_file.to_json("data.json", orient = "records", date_format = "epoch", double_precision = 10, force_ascii = True, date_unit = "ms", default_handler = None)

Sample Input

EMPID,FirstName,LastName,Salary
1001,Amal,Jose,100000
1002,Edward,Joe,100001
1003,Sabitha,Sunny,210000
1004,John,P,50000
1005,Mohammad,S,75000

Here the first line of the csv data is the header

Sample Output

[{"EMPID":1001,"FirstName":"Amal","LastName":"Jose","Salary":100000},{"EMPID":1002,"FirstName":"Edward","LastName":"Joe","Salary":100001},{"EMPID":1003,"FirstName":"Sabitha","LastName":"Sunny","Salary":210000},{"EMPID":1004,"FirstName":"John","LastName":"P","Salary":50000},{"EMPID":1005,"FirstName":"Mohammad","LastName":"S","Salary":75000}]

 

If the csv file contains a header row, then you should explicitly pass header=0 to override the column names. If headers are not present in the csv file, we have to explicitly pass the field names in a list to the argument names. Duplicates in this list are not allowed. A sample implementation is given below.

import pandas as pd
# Since the headers are missing in the csv file, explicitly passing the field names in the program
csv_file = pd.DataFrame(pd.read_csv("data.csv", sep = ",", names = ["EmpID", "FirstName","LastName","Salary"], index_col = False))
csv_file.to_json("data.json", orient = "records", date_format = "epoch", double_precision = 10, force_ascii = True, date_unit = "ms", default_handler = None)